Edward Hopper was an American realist painter and printmaker. While best known for his oil paintings, he also was a proficient watercolorist, draftsman, and printmaker. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern American life. According to art critic Lloyd Goodrich, he was “an eminently native painter, who more than any other was getting more of the quality of America into his canvasses.”

In addition to his paintings of urban life, Hopper also produced several works featuring Native Americans. His biography gives no indication that he ever visited the Southwest, so it is safe to assume he relied on other sources for such portraits. They are solitary figures, much like those in many of the artist’s other works.